I have a headache…again
The WHO (world health organization) estimates that the prevalence among adults is about 50%. Half to three quarters of adults aged 18–65 years in the world have had headache in the last year. Headache on 15 or more days every month affects 1.7–4% of the world’s adult population. Despite regional variations, headache disorders are a worldwide problem, affecting people of all ages, races, income levels and geographical areas.
The most common of the headache disorders are Tension-type headaches (TTH)
- often begins during the teenage years, affecting three women to every two men.
- Its mechanism may be stress-related or associated with musculoskeletal problems in the neck.
- Episodic TTH attacks usually last a few hours, but can persist for several days.
- Chronic TTH can be unremitting and is much more disabling than episodic TTH.
- This headache is described as pressure or tightness, often like a band around the head, sometimes spreading into or from the neck.
Common triggers of tension headaches include:
- Muscle spasms in the face or neck
- Physical or emotional stress
- alcohol use
- Caffeine (too much or withdrawal)
- Colds, the flu, or a sinus infection
- Dental problems such as jaw clenching or teeth grinding
- Eye strain
- Excessive smoking
- Fatigue or overexertion
The treatment of these headaches often include a combination of medication, physiotherapy and lifestyle changes. Please consult your doctor for more information
*Information obtained from the WHO and https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000797.htm